Written By : Zee Kay

Balcony vegetable gardening .. essential tips

No cold lasts forever. No spring leaves its turn. There is a love in life that never ends. Winter, it’s home time, January and February to start planning your balcony vegetable garden such a good time As Oscar Waleed once said, “Wisdom comes with winter.” Preparing our growing space, but more importantly, we are mentally ready to enjoy a successful and fruitful vegetable season.

balcony vegetable gardening

your building rules and regulations

If you live in a rented place, make sure your building rules and regulations. How much weight can your balcony carry? The weight of pots filled with water, clay, and plant itself. Use lightweight plastic, fiberglass, containers mix with clay, Or use lightweight containers made of fabric bags. If your balcony can withstand heavy loads, you can use your space more efficiently with wooden raised beds.

Calculate the time you have

Renovation is necessary, even in a small garden. There is only one simple rule: If you don’t have time, grow low-maintenance vegetables. Tomatoes, lettuce, herbs, runner beans, zucchini, cucumber, but they still need some care. Even if your balcony is large, I still recommend starting small and slow You can always buy more, but if you start slowly, you will realize That is, before making too much money in an investment, what works and what doesn’t.

Set your budget

You should not start with plant-grown vegetables,  buy seeds, or ask friends or gardeners in your community to provide you some seeds if possible. DIY your containers at home, no need to buy containers from the market but if you extremely need then you may buy some cheaper at the start, the only thing you need to spend good money on is standard potting soil. cheap soil is not sterile and brings disease and anxiety. So it is better to keep yourself out of budget Take your time to stop. your.

Choosing the right plant

Choose the right plants for your balcony, but don’t waste much space and time on the plant which is not going to grow vigorously. Here are the three most important factors: Sunlight, wind, and on your balcony how hot it must be. And of course, choose the right vegetables for the season. The amount of sunlight is the most important issue. Remember that most vegetables need at least 6 to 8 hours of sun a day.

Is your balcony getting sun all day? If so, then you have an Ideal balcony for growing ۔ Lots of flowers, and vegans, If well-watered, but If your balcony faces north or If most of the day is shaded by other buildings, look for herbs or vegetables that can grow in partial shade. Some vegetables prefer sunlight but can grow in the shade.

Meanwhile, in full-shaded areas, we don’t get direct sunlight or reflective light during the day. This is not a good place to grow vegetables. Most plants need some light to grow, but white asparagus, chickpeas, sprouts, microgreens, wheatgrass may grow in.

Do you have a balcony or a steep roof? Keep an eye out for extreme conditions. The higher you are, the more likely you are to get wind, And hot dry winds can dry out your plants faster, make a frame or wire mesh helping any plant of the genus Vitis to climb can block normal air. As the wind dries up, You have to stay on the water.

There are ways to make windbreak to protect the most delicate plants. You can also plant plants that have low pots near the floor that do not like air so can protect them as much as possible.

How hot is your balcony? in urban areas during the summer heat can be found on balconies and terraces. Not all plants grow in extreme heat like you can’t grow lettuce in hot weather, So it is best to keep this in mind before planning.

I’ve had a vegetable bed last summer there was some success in growing lettuce! It is important to cover the soil to retain water. if done well this mud is used to reduce the time required for watering, weeding, and fighting pests. In general, the result is better, healthier brings fruits, vegetables, and flowers.

Plan a design first

You will need to plan depending on the size and shape of your balcony, prepare a layout in advance. A small sketch on paper is enough to give you an idea about opportunities you can find in your balcony’s space. Arrange beds and large containers around the outer edges So that space is defined and the weight is evenly distributed. Also, balconies are usually microclimate, which is significantly different from the Earth’s climate. Even a small balcony can have different microclimates. If an area is shady, it can be a climate, If the other area is affected by wind It’s a different climate. So choose which vegetables are easy for successful harvesting is the key.

Vegetables that come from flowers, Such as cucumber, tomato, pepper, and squash don’t like covered areas. Apply them to areas with full sunlight that receive the most direct sunlight during the day.

Root vegetables such as beets, carrots, and potatoes can also grow in partially shaded areas with direct sunlight; But at least half the day admires the whole sun.

Leafy vegetables such as chard, spinach, and lettuce, the most tolerant vegetables that grow in the shade, as the weather progresses If you keep these plants in the shade, they will last longer.

Choose healthy soil

Healthy soil is the key to strong and vigorous plant growth which resists pests and diseases and produces abundantly. The soil is alive and has many parts, Including mineral particles, water, Includes organic matter, air and microorganisms. The balance between these parts That’s the decent thing to do, and it should end there.

The soil must be fed to provide a nurturing environment to grow healthier vegetables, do not feed it with cheap chemical fertilizers.

Long before the new growing season begins, you should spray last season’s pots through the soil and the root system, any kind of insects, weeds, or debris, dry Soil in the sun to ensure weeds, insect eggs, and pathogens are destroyed, and most importantly, return the nutrients to your soil. To make compost from organic kitchen waste I used Bokashi manure. I also added plant remains to Bokashi. The life cycle is complete 🙂 Mixed compost also helps kill insects and weeds. Cover or wrap it, keep it for a few weeks.

Horticulture indoor seeding early

If you have a greenhouse, Some types of vegetables can be sown in late February, mid-March: carrots, peaches, and some herbs to harvest in early July Initially, simulation is also necessary. When the night temperature exceeds 10 degrees Celsius, Seeds can be sown outside. That way you can get more than usual.

Polyculture

Growing multiple crops of different plants in the same area gives you more profit and less work. All plants will beautifully promote each other’s growth and even if you choose a partner plant carefully, they will protect each other from pests. It may be too much at first, that’s why we need a good plan before we plant. For example, I planted carrots in bed together with fast radishes. Carrot seeds carry forever in the rise, while radishes take only a month to harvest, and you can trample your way through them after which there will be space for carrots to grow. Or large plants like kohlrabi. Although it starts small, it grows very fast. In the meantime and In between sharp plant crops such as radish, rock, or leafy lettuce, until the main plants will increase the space around, You must have already harvested your intercrop plants.

Rotate the crops every year

Planting crops in different soils prevents nutrient deficiency and disruption the cycle of pests and diseases, It is necessary to keep the soil of the garden healthy. Meanwhile, monoculture is against traditional crops and growing food. Replant different varieties of the same crop in the same field, In which there is no other type of plant. It is the foundation of large-scale farm corporations which has been trying to control our food sources for decades.

I follow the three-year rule for all kinds of vegetables. Members of the same plant family Once every three or four years It should not be planted in the soil. For example, broccoli should not be grown after cabbage, because they both are members of the cabbage family.

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